Captagon Pills | UPSC Notes

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Reports say that the Islamic State (IS) and Syrian fighters usually take Captagon Pills to stay more alert and control their hunger during long, hard fights.

Key Points:

• Captagon is a highly powerful drug that looks like amphetamine and is mostly made in Syria. It is often smuggled into other countries in West Asia.The Allied forces gave their soldiers Benzedrine, which is made from amphetamine sulphate.

On the other hand, Nazi Germany gave its soldiers Pervitin, which is a methamphetamine that is now called crystal meth.After the war, the drug stayed popular until 1965, when Benzedrine inhalers were banned in the US because they had been abused for decades.

• In the years that followed, illegal pills called “Captagon” started showing up in Bulgaria. Most of these pills were made of amphetamine, and crime networks in the Balkans and Turkey sent them to the Arabian Peninsula.

What does “Captagon” mean?

Fenethylline was in the original Captagon. It is a man-made drug in the same family as amphetamine called phenethylamine.It was sold widely in a number of countries up until the 1980s, but it was banned because it was so addictive.

What do drugs that are based on amphetamine do?

• Captagon pills, like other amphetamine-based drugs, stimulate the central nervous system. This gives people more energy, makes them more focused, helps them stay awake for longer, and makes them feel happy, according to a 2015 story from Vox.

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• A person who uses amphetamine-based drugs, on the other hand, may experience a placebo effect, which can make them act strangely.

• Most drugs like amphetamine, like captagon, stay in the blood for about 36 hours.


Loss of hunger and weight loss, heart problems like a fast or irregular heartbeat, high blood pressure, and a heart attack, which can kill, are all bad effects.They can also cause a high body temperature, reddening of the face, memory loss, trouble thinking clearly, and stroke.