Hague Convention on Child Abduction | UPSC Notes

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hague convention on child abduction upsc
  • India is NOT a signatory of the convention. 
  • US is pressurising India to sign the convention. 

What is the Convention?

  • The Hague Convention of 25 October 1980 on the Civil Aspects of International Child Abduction is a multilateral treaty, which seeks to protect children from the harmful effects of abduction and retention across international boundaries by providing a procedure to bring about their prompt return. 

Why doesn’t India want to sign the Convention?

  • A committee was formed to look over the matter.
  • The criterion of habitual residence of the child, which is used to determine whether the child was —  wrongfully removed by a parent as well as to seek the return of the child to the country of habitual residence, was not in the best interest of the child.
  • A separate Child Removal Disputes Resolution Authority is to be formed to act as a Nodal Agency as per the convention, but India is contemplating assigning the National Commission for Protection of Children the responsibility. 
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