Maharishi Dayanand Saraswati | UPSC Notes

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Maharishi Dayanand Saraswati upsc

Swami Dayanand Saraswati was born on February 12, 1824, to a Brahmin family in Tankara, Gujarat. Lalji Tiwari and Yashodhabai, his parents, were very strict Brahmin.

• His first name was Mool Shankar Tiwari, because he was born in the Mool Nakshatra.

• He was a wandering monk for 15 years, from 1845 to 1860, looking for the truth.

• The popular book Satyarth Prakash (The True Exposition), which was written by Dayananda, included his ideas.

Contribution to the Society

• Swami Dayanand Saraswati had a big impact on the society of India. He was more than just a religious leader.

• He was an Indian intellectual, social leader, and the founder of the Arya Samaj.

 Arya Samaj is a Vedic dharma reform organisation, and he was the first person to call for Swaraj as “India for Indian” in 1876.

• He taught himself everything he knew and was a great leader of India. He had a big effect on Indian society. During his life, he became well-known and was known by a wide range of Prices and the general public.

• In 1875, he officially set up the first Arya Samaj unit in Mumbai, which was then called Bombay. Later, the Samaj moved its base to Lahore.

• His dream for India was a society without classes or castes, a united India (religiously, socially, and nationally), and an India that was free from foreign rule and where everyone followed the Aryan faith.

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• He got his ideas from the Vedas, which he thought of as “India’s Rock of Ages” and the unchangeable source of Hinduism. He used the phrase “Back to the Vedas.” He believed in the Vedic idea of the “chaturvarna system,” which says that a person is not born into a particular caste, but is known as a brahmin, kshatriya, vaishya, or shudra based on the work they do.

Contribution to the Education System

• He completely changed the way schooling worked, and he is often called one of India’s “visionaries” for this.

• The DAV (Dayanand Anglo Vedic) schools were started in 1886 to make Swami Dayanand Saraswati’s dream come true.

• Mahatma Hansarj was the teacher of the first DAV (Dayanand Anglo Vedic) School, which was set up in Lahore.

Arya Samaj

• It wants to show again that the Vedas, the oldest Hindu books, are true. He thought that everything added after the Vedas was bad, but in his own view, a lot of post-Vedic thought was included.

 During the 1920s and early 1930s, there were many things that made people angry. Muslims were upset by “music before mosque,” the cow protection movement, and the Arya Samaj’s attempts to bring back to the Hindu fold (shuddhi) those who had recently converted to Islam.

• The western and northern parts of India have always been where the Arya Samaj has the most followers.

• The Samaj is against the worship of murtis (images), animal sacrifice, shraddha (rituals for ancestors), basing caste on birth instead of merit, untouchability, child marriage, pilgrimages, priestly craft, and temple offerings.

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• It supports the infallibility of the Vedas, the doctrines of karma (the effects of past actions) and samsara (the process of death and rebirth), the sanctity of the cow, and

• It has worked to improve education for women and marriage between people of different castes. It has also built missions, orphanages, and homes for widows, set up a network of schools and colleges, and helped people during famines and done medical work.

Shuddhi Movement

Maharishi Dayanand started the Shuddhi Movement to bring Hindus who had converted to other religions like Islam or Christianity back to Hinduism. Those who wanted to return to Hinduism were given Shuddhi, which means “purification,” and the Samaj did a good job of getting into the different social classes and bringing the poor back into Hinduism.

Even though the Arya Samaj and Maharishi Dayanand were never directly involved in the fight for Indian independence, their lives and teachings had a big impact on many important people, such as Lala Lajpat Rai, Vinayak Damodar Savarkar, Madam Cama, Ram Prasad Bismil, Mahadev Govind Ranade, Madan Lal Dhingra, and Subhash Chandra Bose.