Chapter 19. International Relations Notes for UPSC Mains

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Australia

  • History
    • British link
    • Soldiers fought together in WWs
  • Economic
    • Trade at 15 billion $
    • Mutual investment at 20 billion$
    • Talks for RCEP
    • Austrailia is largest producer of LNG
      • Currently, India sources largest from Qatar
      • But, West Asia unstable region
    • International Solar Alliance
  • Strategic
    • Strategic quadrilateral
      • Austrailia withdrew in 2013 due to Chinese opposition
      • Talks of coming back again
    • Recently started maritime exercise- AUSINDEX
    • Use of common platforms like Hawk, C-130, P-8
  • Nuclear
    • Aus largest reserves of Uranium
      • Though Khazakastan is the largest producer
  • Anti terror
    • Sea route Indian ocean
    • IOC-RIM
  • Cultural
    • Indian diaspora
    • Modi speech
    • English Language
  • Political
    • India, Oz, New Zealand part of EAS
    • East Asia summit
    • Elaboration Required
  • Education

Challenges

  • Left the Strategic Quadrilateral
    • And growing proximity with China
  • Economic
    • CECA discussions since 2011
      • Same issueas as Europe FTA
    • Trade fallen to 10 billion $
  • 457 Visa Isssue
    • Now need to reside for 4 years, Have AUSTRAILIAN values, will have an English test
    • Similar restrrictions by USA, UK, New Zealand, Singapore
  • Xenophobia against Indian students
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